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Basic Explanation Of Cryptocurrency And How It Works

Tuesday, December 7, 2021 1:17:00 AM Africa/Johannesburg

Basic Explanation Of Cryptocurrency And How It Works

This is a basic explanation of what cryptocurrency is and how it works.

What is cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is private, secure, and nearly anonymous. You can purchase products and services with Cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrencies are becoming more and more popular as a form of payment for everything from taxes to dinner bills, medicine, technology, or even just cosmetic surgery. To get them you'll need to choose your own cryptocurrency wallet, which is available on cloud-based storage apps or downloaded onto a computer using an app store. This will enable you to transfer digital funds into a secure digital wallet where they’re less likely to be hacked.

Why do people like cryptocurrency?

One of the defining features of cryptocurrencies is that they are often not issued by any central authority - so they're free from any risk of manipulation or bad behavior on the part of governments and the other institutions that have control over legal tender currencies.

How many different cryptocurrencies are there?

The first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin (BTC) is one of the most valuable currencies available, with a market cap of around 19 trillion as of now. Its creator remains an anonymous but mysterious figure who goes by the Pseudonym “Satoshi Nakamoto.” The technology behind Bitcoin allows for instant transactions and leaving everyone involved in the network in complete anonymity

Currently, there are approximately 18.8+ million Bitcoins in circulation. However, only 21 million Bitcoins will ever exist which means that there are about 2.1+ million Bitcoins left to be mined- all at the time of writing.

There is a long list of unique cryptocurrencies out there and it’s still growing, in fact. With each passing day comes something new and exciting. The best part is the aforementioned coins are called Altcoins which essentially means any cryptocurrency that isn’t Bitcoin! These coins include Ethereum, Solana, Litecoin, and Cardano!

What is the blockchain?

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies rely on blockchain technology. This technology allows people to safely transact with one another by recording transactions in a public ledger. All information is accessible to everyone on the network, and it cannot be changed or tracked once entered. Any changes that are made within the blockchain must be verified by every person before they can be made official so that the data cannot be forged or tampered with after it has already been saved.

What are the advantages and disadvantages?


Blockchain technology holds the promise of making it easier to transact directly between two parties, without a trusted third party like a bank or credit card company. The transfers are instead secured by public keys and private keys, as well as several forms of incentives, like a Proof of Work consensus mechanism or a Proof of Stake casino gambling algorithm. Some experts have said that blockchain is even more promising than the internet! Proponents of blockchain say that with this new technology online voting, crowdfunding, and banking will be revolutionized more than ever before.


The semi-anonymous nature of cryptocurrency transfers makes them well-suited for a host of illegal activities, such as money laundering and tax evasion. However, currency advocates often highly value their anonymity. Proponents say that this privacy can provide protection for whistle-blowers or activists living under repressive regimes. Some cryptocurrencies are more private than others, while a few prioritize transparency over anonymity.

For example, bitcoin is not particularly well-suited for criminal purposes because the blockchain can be used to link criminals with their transactions. Privacy-oriented coins like dash, monero, and zcash share this trait. This makes them a better option than bitcoin for those wanting to conduct illegal business online

What is crypto mining?

Cryptocurrencies grew in popularity and widespread adoption over the past year or so because of the growing interest in how blockchain technology is functioning. Cryptocurrency mining is the process by which new transactions are verified and added to the blockchain. The way it works is a user will run an algorithm on their computer to solve a piece of hardware/software code that validates a transaction. When the solution is found, another block of transaction data has been “solved” and cracked. Mining for coins unlike mining for metals such as gold does not involve digging into the ground or chipping away rock formations but instead relies on computing power that requires intense calculations to solve complicated problems, which has led miners around the world to set up huge operation centers with massive cooling fans blowing all under one roof!

What do miners do to get paid?

Miners are getting paid for their work as auditors. They are doing the work of verifying the legitimacy of cryptocurrency transactions. This convention is meant to keep cryptocurrency users honest and was conceived by Bitcoin's founder, Satoshi Nakamoto. By verifying transactions, miners are helping to prevent the "counterfeiting problem."

This method is so good that in Bitcoin’s entire lifetime, there has never been an incident of fraud.

How much do I get paid for “mining”?

Every Graphics Processing Unit comes with a hash rate - it's the speed at which a GPU mines cryptocurrency and complements the overall power of your mining rig. The higher this number, the more powerful your setup is and the faster you can expect to see those coins in your wallet!

In order to find out how many hashes you are capable of computing per second, you will need to use a tool like 2CryptoCalc which will tell you the hash rate for specific cards and how much money you might make by mining.

Miners are getting paid to engage in targeted advertising or market research. Their role is to "audit" the legitimacy of potential advertisements, by checking that they haven't been published too frequently or in connection with illicit activity, thus helping to keep advertisers honest and protect the interests of their direct customers. This convention is meant to curb some of the negative effects and avoid problems associated with targeting consumers with unwanted ads and tying every ad back to a real human being who may find themselves being penalized for wrongdoings committed by someone else.

Every Graphics Processing Unit comes with a hash rate - it's the speed at which a GPU mines cryptocurrency and complements the overall power of your mining rig. The higher this number, the more powerful your setup is and the faster you can expect to see those coins in your wallet!

Are we ready for Cryptocurrency to replace real currency? 

More than half of experts who were recently polled said that they see bitcoin as a replacement for fiat currencies by 2050. According to this same poll, 54% of fintech experts surveyed expect bitcoin to overtake the role of fiat currencies issued by central banks in global finance by 2050. The move could also take place by 2035, according to 29% of respondents. Bitcoin is different from most other digital currencies: it's generally accepted as a store of value and more people are saying it is better than cash which is managed by banks. It's faster, cheaper, more secure, and immutable. Cash is not as volatile as bitcoin, but less stable than stocks for example.

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